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Full text of "A history of Persia"

CHAPTER  LI

THK   DECAY   OF   THK   CAUPHATK   AND   TIIK   KfcVIVAI.
OF   PERSIAN   INUKI»KNI)BNCK

If I live, the sword shall tlechU? betwren u?» : if I i*i»wj«rr, I will *K» ;»* t
please ; if thou art victorious, bread and onions ;w? my tart* 5 ;imi nnthw thou
nor fortune can triumph <w*r a man umiMouuni ft* mit'h dirt.
of YAKUIJ IUN LAIS to the CAMIMI MOTAMIP,

The

The Orthodox Reaction under Mut<twtikkil) AJI. 2^i ^47
(847-861). — The reign of Mutawukkil is chicHy important
as marking the period of orthtniox reaction. The
Mutazilite doctrines were abjured ami their professors
in turn underwent persecution of the most cruel and
vindictive nature. Equally strong was the hatred which
the new Caliph displayed against the House of AH ; he
even encouraged his buffoon to dress up as ** The Lion of
Allah," while "Behold the pot-bellied bald one, the
Caliph of Islam ! ° was sung in derision. The tomb of
Husaynwas destroyed and the site ploughed up. More-
over, Mutawakkil was fanatically opposed to Jews and
ChristianSj against whom obsolete laws were revived.
They were bound to paint the figure of Satan on the door-
posts of their houses, were subject to special taxes, were
obliged to wear a distinctive dull yellow dress, J and were
debarred from holding any Government appointment
Indeed, their very children were forbidden to learn Arabic,
The Palace of Samarra and the Cypms of Kishmar* —
The Caliph himself was a dissolute and extravagant
voluptuary, and in the neighbourhood of Samarra he
1 The Zoroaatriana of Yead and Kcrmin are still obliged to ww these " honey-
coloured gowns."
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